• In India, where 61 percent of adults have received a first coronavirus vaccine, Minister of Health Mansukh Mandaviya announces that the country will resume exporting coronavirus vaccine in October, and that it will produce over one billion doses before the end of the year. Source

• US coronavirus cases surpass 42 million. Source

• Pfizer and BioNTech issue a press release announcing initial results from a phase II/III trial in children ages 6 months to 11 years with data from 2,268 children ages 5-11 who were given two 10 µg doses of the coronavirus vaccine. Based on blood samples, their immune responses at one month after the second dose were similar to those among people ages 16-25, who were given two 30 µg doses, as were vaccine side effects. The companies plan to submit data to the US FDA, the EMA and other regulators as soon as possible. Initial results among children 2-5 years of age and children 6 months to 2 years of age may be available by the fourth quarter of 2021. Source

• Airfinity estimates that the G7 (Canada, 12 percent; Japan 1 percent; UK,13 percent; US, 32 percent) and the EU (41 percent) will have a surplus topping a billion doses of coronavirus vaccines by the end of 2021, at which time at least 10 percent of them will expire. Immediate distribution of these surplus vaccines could avert nearly a million deaths. Source

• The Biden administration announces that it will lift travel restrictions for fully vaccinated visitors from 33 countries in November, ending an 18-month ban, although unvaccinated travelers will be unable to enter the US. Source

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